The Lyno Method

The Lyno Method is a non-therapeutic body of knowledge providing a system to identify movement patterns, to restore optimum mobility and support a balanced, flexible and fully functional body.

The FROM Test

The Lyno FROM Test consists of 65 functional and mobility tests which enables the practitioner to draw up a profile of the client’s movement patterns.

The body functions as a tensegrity model, which means that every part of the body is connected to the rest and dysfunction or locked movement in one area has a distinct effect on every other part of the body.

The FROM Test is designed to give a full record of movement throughout the body and the analysis of this test enables the practitioner to design a program which will include facilitation of movement in restricted areas and conditioning of new balanced movement patterns.

This test is repeated and fully recorded at the beginning of each Lyno session, which apart from recording the client’s progress, also supplies the Lyno Academy with a wealth of continuous research material and evidence based information.

One of the main advantages of The FROM Test is that it gives exact measurements of movement throughout the whole body. The practitioner as well as the client can clearly track the progress, which has a huge positive mental impact.


The Bunkie Test

The BUNKIE Test shows which myofascial tracks are dysfunctional.
The height of the Bunkie is determined by the length of the client’s upper arm.
The foot that holds the weight on the Bunkie, determines which line is to be tested, in other words if your right foot is on the Bunkie, you are testing the right line.
Do not lift the foot higher than 10 cm from the Bunkie, the idea is to take the weight off the leg.

It is important that the client maintains correct form while performing the test:

  1. Posterior Power line: hips must stay level, toes facing up, feet not rotated
  2. Posterior Stabilizing Line: hips must be shoulder height and level, toes facing up, feet not rotated
  3. Anterior Line: body must be parallel to the floor, feet flat on Bunkie, body straight, legs straight with no twist
  4. Lateral Line: head, shoulders in line with the rest of the body
  5. Medial Line: head, shoulders in line with the rest of the body, big toe and heel of bottom foot should touch the Bunkie


    • Make sure the client is in the perfect position before you ask her to lift her leg.
    • Use a stopwatch to score.
    • Correct her form if necessary.
    • They continue even if she feels weak, both shoulders feel tight or she starts shaking.
    • Take the score when:
      • She feels a niggle anywhere in the body.
      • She can not maintain neutral form due to imbalance or weakness.

Do not attempt to do The BUNKIE Test within the first 6 weeks of major surgery.  First check with the doctor if you are not sure.

The Analysis

The FROM Test, which consists of 60 different tests, forms the base of the movement analysis.

We focus on the following movement patterns:

The Anterior Line – bending the body forward

The Posterior Line – bending the body backwards

The Lateral Line – bending the body to the side

The Medial Line – keeping the legs together and the core of the body

The Upper Spiral Lines – responsible for all rotations of the upper body and pelvis

The Weight-bearing  Lower Spiral Lines – responsible for all rotations of the pelvis and legs in the weight-bearing position

The Non-weight-bearing Lower spiral Lines – responsible for all rotations of the pelvis and legs in a non-weight-bearing position

The Arm Spiral Lines – responsible for all the arm movements (link up with the Upper Spiral Lines)

Discrepancies on The FROM Test gives information on compensation patterns, the cause of imbalance and muscle dysfunction.

The results of The FROM Test provides the information needed to determine if the body is locked in dysfunctional compensation patterns. The practitioner will work out a strategy to eliminate layers of compensation patterns until the body is aligned and balanced.

The Bunkie and Camber Tests give a clear indication of function of the linear lines and is used to determine if the body is responding to the fascia releases.

By adding together all the results of the FROM Test, the Bunkie test and the Camber Test , the Lyno practitioner is able to work out exactly in which compensation patterns the client moves. These patterns could include a combination of linear, diagonal, spiral and ipsilateral movements of the whole body.

Clients often arrive at a session claiming that their Hamstrings and calf muscles are tight and their Gluteii are not firing. When applying the full test it might show up that the Hamstrings are locked in a long position, that the abdominal wall is locked short on one side, causing non-firing of the Gluteus muscle and that a locked habitual spiral pattern is responsible for the dysfunction. By combining the information given by the client, with the information gathered by the tests, the practitioner is able to form an holistic view of the client’s movement and work out a plan to restore neutral and balanced movement.

The aim of The Lyno Method is not only to create an awareness of body movements and habitual patterns, but also to guide the client towards neutral movement and more efficient movement patterns.

The Yellow Page Wedges

Lyno_Blog - Wedges_Colour

I came across the Yellow Page Wedges for the first time in 1990 when I shared premises with Jenni Rorrison (who now practices in Plettenberg Bay, South Africa).

Jenni copied the technique (which is based on applied kinesiology) from the late dr Ron Holder, guru, chiropractor and applied kinesiologist, who was based in Johannesburg and who developed this unusual but brilliant technique.

Ron became famous for the wedges after he fixed Zola Budd in the 80’s when she suffered from a chronic hip injury. He also made the front page in some  British newspapers when he managed to get Linford Christie back into the 100m final at the World Athletic Championships in 1995 after he injured his hamstring in the semi-finals. One of the tabloids showed a full page caricature of Linford on the back page the morning after the race, running with Yellow Page telephone directories strapped to his feet!

He also made the headlines when he was the official chiropractor (using mainly yellow page wedges) of the Springbok rugby team at the 1995 Rugby World Cup.

I was working with Elana Meyer, South African Olympic 10 000m silver medalist and magnificent long distance runner, in the late 90’s when I was first introduced to the guru himself. Athletes from all over the world, including many top football players from the UK were prepared to fly anywhere to get their magic wedges from this interesting and talented man. Ron had a certain magnetism to him and knew how to make people believe in him and his controversial methods, not withholding the fact that they worked like magic.

Although many people, including myself, tried to convince Ron to teach us the technique, he never agreed. I think he was worried that we would destroy the good reputation of the technique if we were doing it incorrectly.

Due to the magnificent results achieved with the wedges, I decided to watch Ron carefully and eventually managed ‘to break the code’. By adding the principles of the Lyno Method to the wedge technique, I managed to develop my own style of wedges which were smaller than those built by Ron and also came out quicker due to the combination with holistic fascia release. So where Ron’s wedges needed to do both the alignment and activation, I did the alignment by using fascia release and then only needed the wedges for the initial activation, until the muscle could activate itself.

I wanted a technique that was simple enough so that my athletes would be able to build their own wedges if they were competing abroad or if I was not available.

Over the years many of my athletes, including  Lieuwe Boonstra, Johan Sadie and Ashwin Willemse, build their own wedges to maintain neutral body alignment and muscle activation.

So why Yellow Pages and not any other paper?

Ron soon realised that the yellow ink in the Yellow Pages had a preservation effect on the paper which caused it not to increase in volume when it gets wet. If you wet a White Page directory or any other paper, it will soon swell up to almost double its size, and remains the bigger size when it dries. However, if you wet a Yellow Page directory, it stays exactly the same size no matter if it is wet or dry. Athletes perspire when they run and often run in the rain or through water, which could result in wet wedges. Wedges are made to a very specific height and adding one single page could cause non-alignment. We therefor never take a chance to build a wedge with paper that might change in size.

So what is the difference between Yellow Page Wedges and orthotics?


Wikipedia gives the following definition of orthotics:

Foot orthoses comprise a custom made insert or footbed fitted into a shoe. Commonly referred to as “orthotics“, these orthoses provide support for the foot by redistributing ground reaction forces as well as realigning foot joints while standing, walking or running.

An orthotic is therefor a semi-permanent or permanent structure which is placed in the shoe to support the neutral form of the foot and ankle. The orthotic is made specifically to fit the individual’s foot, which is a much better option than buying a shoe with support, which is obviously not made for your specific needs.

Yellow page wedges

 Yellow page wedges (the Lyno version) is made of paper and built with masking tape and is used not as a support, but as a muscle activator. We only build wedges once we have released locked fascia patterns and the muscles are aligned and ready to be activated. When adding the wedges to specific areas in the shoe, we target the proprioceptors (sensory receptors which receive stimuli from within the body regarding position and movement) which then sends the message to the brain, indicating which muscles to activate. As soon as the muscles show activation, which normally takes a few hours to a few days, we remove the wedges and start strengthening the muscle.

Our biggest challenge at this point is that our beloved Yellow Page telephone directories might soon be replaced by the digital version, which means that we will have to find another source to make our wedges. So, please, if you have a old or new Yellow Page directory lying around your house or office, please take it to your nearest certified Lyno practitioner.