At your first Lyno session, you will be asked about current and past habits, sports, hobbies, old injuries or surgeries, and current symptoms. In cases of acute symptoms, we will refer you to a medical professional.
The practitioner will then perform the Lyno FROM test, which consists of a detailed recording of the range of movement of the full body. If physically possible, it will also include the Bunkie Test and the Camber Test, which will show if you move in dysfunctional patterns. Note that pain or discomfort is a contraindication for all the tests.
THE LYNO TECHNIQUE® TO FACILITATE FASCIA GLIDING
The practitioner will place his or her fingertips on your skin and by using a firm grip, mobilizes the skin in the direction that the fascia needs to be released. You will be asked to simultaneously contract and move the underlying muscle in the opposite direction. This action is repeated until the hyaluronic acid releases and ‘melts’. You will experience a sensation similar to scratching or mild superficial burning on the skin. This will subside as soon as the hyaluronic acid regains its fluidity and the muscle is able to slide along the fascia. The intensity is entirely up to the client. When working with children, hypersensitive individuals and the elderly, the technique is reduced to very small movements at a very slow pace to make it as comfortable as possible.
Note that the hands-on technique only involves the skin and the first layer of superficial fascia. It does not involve any deep pressure and should therefor not cause bruising. Since most of the lymph drainage takes place in the connective tissue, densification of hyaluronic can cause the accumulation of a lot of toxins and waste products in the area. A sudden release of the connective tissue, often releases toxins, which can result in a histamine reaction on the skin, showing up as little red dots. These dots disappear within a day or 2 and are harmless. Clients are advised to drink a lot of water and soak in a lukewarm bath with Epsom salts after the first session to help release these toxins.
STRENGTHENING AND THE RE-EDUCATION OF NORMAL FUNCTIONAL PATTERNS
Once we have restored fascia mobility and improved range of motion, the focus shifts to specific exercises to maintain the new range of motion. Clients also receive a home program with a few functional exercises to strengthen new functional movement patterns.
Our initial aim is to achieve neutral aligned movement throughout the body. Once the movement is balanced; the left side of the body moves equally to the right, the focus shifts to achieving full mobility throughout the body, obviously within the boundaries of structural defects, age and activity levels.
We normally see new clients at 3-4 day intervals for the first 3 sessions. As soon as we have established neutral movement, we proceed with a very specific exercise regime to activate and restore normal, neutral and balanced movement. After 2-3 weeks, we will repeat the Lyno assessment to determine if the body has maintained the full mobility, and if not, unlock recurring dysfunctional patterns again. The key is to maintain neutral movement until the body is able to stabilise itself in the neutral position.
Competitive and endurance athletes normally continue to have Lyno once a month to prevent dysfunction and possible injury.
New insights on muscle anatomy clearly show the importance of the connective tissue (fascia) when it comes to movement and function. All muscles are imbedded in a sleeve of fascia. Between the muscle and fascia layer is a lubricating agent called hyaluronic acid. This helps the surfaces slide against each other. Hyaluronic acid also allows sliding between the skin and the muscles, muscles to slide alongside one another and facilitates mobility of all the structures in the body. Muscle mobility can become limited from scarring (fibrosis) or from the densification of the hyaluronic acid, which literally causes the muscle to glue onto the fascia, causing immobility and dysfunction.
Hyaluronic acid densification could happen in the following circumstances:
If you have been wearing a moon boot for 3 weeks, you’ll find that your foot, ankle and calf has become stiff and weak. If you don’t unlock this tightness, the area will remain dysfunctional. This has a ripple effect to other areas, that now need to compensate for the lack of movement. In a chain reaction, other areas of the body will also be affected contributing to potential injury in areas completely unrelated to your ankles or feet.
The same happens when you sit behind a desk every day. Lack of movement causes the hyaluronic acid to densify and the body becomes locked-up in the sitting position. This causes muscle dysfunction in many areas, often manifesting ailments like headaches and back pain.
Habits like carrying a young toddler on the same hip every day, carrying a school bag over one shoulder, standing with your weight mainly on one leg, can cause the fascia to lock in an area, resulting in non-alignment, imbalance and dysfunctional patterns.
A runner who progresses his or her training too quickly will find the muscles that are being overused, become shorter, while the opposite muscles start to cramp. This often leads to all kinds of overuse running injuries, all caused by the densification of hyaluronic acid to support the overused muscles. The result is dysfunction of muscle, under performance, and injury.
Unilateral sport like tennis, bowling in cricket, hockey, and all throwing sports, can cause locking in specific movement patterns, causing injuries in other areas.
We often see extreme dysfunction in elderly people from lack of movement and densification of hyaluronic acid. The less people move, the stiffer they become. This also leads to diminished blood circulation, respiratory problems, aches and pains and lack of strength.
Any direct trauma or surgery causes lack of movement in the area from pain and discomfort. This leads to compensation patterns and densification of hyaluronic acid, and dysfunction.
The Lyno FROM test provides the Lyno practitioner with all the information needed, to determine where the body is blocked in dysfunctional movement patterns. Lyno requires a team approach between the client and the practitioner to mobilize the tissues and reset functional movement patterns.
FounderBenita Kropman, founder of the Lyno Method®, qualified as a physiotherapist at the UFS in Bloemfontein, South Africa, in 1982. For the first 14 years of her career, she focussed mainly on sport therapy and specifically on triathletes, track and field athletes and runners. In the mid 90’s.